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Ghost

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#Paranormal #DrScientist #ExtrasensoryPerception #Spiritualism #Cryptozoology #Telekinesis #Poltergeists #Ghost #UFO #Alien

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Ghost

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Ghost

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A ghost is the soul or spirit of a dead person or animal that can appear to the living. If you believe in ghosts, you’re not alone. Cultures all around the world believe in spirits that survive death to live in another realm. In fact, ghosts are among the most widely believed of paranormal phenomenon, millions of people are interested in ghosts, and thousands ghost stories. If ghosts are real, and are some sort of as-yet-unknown energy or entity, then their existence will be discovered and verified by scientists through controlled experiments.

Belief in ghosts is part of a larger web of related paranormal beliefs, including near-death experience, life after death, and spirit communication. That vague criteria for ghostly happenings is part of the reason why myths about the afterlife are more alive than ever. One difficulty in scientifically evaluating ghosts is that a surprisingly wide variety of phenomena are attributed to ghosts, from a door closing on its own, to missing keys, to a cold area in a hallway, to a vision of a dead relative.

A scientific uses high-tech scientific equipment such as sound white noise or wavey, EMF meter with sound (data logger and graphing, vibration sensor display, date, time, GPS, temperature, humidity, altitude, barometric pressure, eCO2, tVOC, Gas sensor, MicroSD Card, IMU, Etc…), EVP recorder with USB and live listening, video cameras night vision and full spectrum, dual IR & full spectrum light, FLIR thermal, ranged thermometer, Geiger counters, ion detectors, sensitive microphones., Etc…

Most people who believe in ghosts do so because of some personal experience, they grew up in a home where the existence of spirits was taken for granted. If energy cannot be created or destroyed but only change form, what happens to our body’s energy when we die? Could that somehow be manifested as a ghost? Most people who believe in ghosts do so because of some personal experience. If energy cannot be created or destroyed but only change form, what happens to our body’s energy when we die? Could that somehow be manifested as a ghost? The energy is released in the form of heat, and the body is transferred into the animals that eat us, and the plants that absorb us. There is no bodily “energy” that survives death.

A shadowy figure rushed through the door. But he still remembers the experience vividly. He researched what was happening to him. And he learned that science had a name for it, sleep paralysis. This condition leaves someone feeling awake but paralyzed, or frozen in place. He can’t move or speak or breathe deeply. He may also see, hear or feel figures or creatures that aren’t really there. This is called a hallucination. Sleep paralysis happens when the brain messes up the process of falling asleep or waking. Usually, you only start dreaming after you’re fully asleep. And you stop dreaming before you waken. He thinks that just about everyone has such experiences. Most of us just ignore them. But some may turn to ghosts as the explanation.

When people sense ghosts, they’re often alone, in the dark and scared. If it’s dark, your brain can’t get much visual information from the world. It has to create more of your reality for you. Some people are more likely to become absorbed than others. And these people also report higher levels of paranormal beliefs in ghosts. Recent research has indicated that ghost sightings may be related to degenerative brain diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease. Common prescription medication and over-the-counter drugs may also, in rare instances, cause ghost-like hallucinations, particularly zolpidem and diphenhydramine. Older reports linked carbon monoxide poisoning to ghost-like hallucinations.

In many cultures, malignant, restless ghosts are distinguished from the more benign spirits involved in ancestor worship. Ancestor worship typically involves rites intended to prevent revenants, vengeful spirits of the dead, imagined as starving and envious of the living. Strategies for preventing revenants may either include sacrifice giving the dead food and drink to pacify them, or magical banishment of the deceased to force them not to return.

A place where ghosts are reported is described as haunted, and often seen as being inhabited by spirits of deceased who may have been former residents or were familiar with the property. Supernatural activity inside homes is said to be mainly associated with violent or tragic events in the building’s past such as murder, accidental death, or suicide—sometimes in the recent or ancient past. Many cultures and religions believe the essence of a being, such as the soul, continues to exist. Some religious views argue that the spirits of those who have died have not passed over and are trapped inside the property where their memories and energy are strong.

Fear of Ghosts

The fear of ghosts in many human cultures is based on beliefs that some ghosts may be malevolent towards people and dangerous. It is related to fear of the dark. It is often brought about by experiences in early childhood and causes sufferers to experience panic attacks. The fear of ghosts is widespread even in post-industrial societies. I am perfectly aware that the fear of ghosts is contrary to science, reason and religion. If I was sentenced to spend a night alone in a graveyard, I should already know that twigs would snap and the wind moan and that there would be half-seen movements in the darkness. And yet, after I had been frog-marched into the graveyard, I should feel a thrill of fear every time one of these things happened.

In many traditional accounts, ghosts are often thought to be deceased people looking for vengeance, or imprisoned on earth for bad things they did during life. The appearance of a ghost has often been regarded as an omen or portent of death. Seeing one’s own ghostly double is a related omen of death.

Report a ghost? Have some ghost footage a cell integrated camera or a movie camera or a video camera? Have some ghost a picture? The Sassquatch’s Lair, www.sassquatch.org, Paranormal, Name, Email, Comment or Message, Submit…

Dr. Scientist

Fantasma

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#Paranormal #DrScientist #PercepciónExtrasensorial #Espiritualismo #Criptozaología #Telekinesis #Poltergeists #Fantasmas #OVNI #Extraterrestre

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Fantasma

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Fantasma

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Un fantasma es el alma o el espíritu de una persona muerta o animal que puede parecer vivo. Si crees en los fantasmas, no estás solo. Las culturas de todo el mundo creen en los espíritus que sobreviven a la muerte para vivir en otro reino. De hecho, los fantasmas se encuentran entre los más creídos del fenómeno paranormal, millones de personas están interesadas en fantasmas y miles de historias de fantasmas. Si los fantasmas son reales, y son algún tipo de energía o entidad desconocida, entonces su existencia será descubierta y verificada por científicos a través de experimentos controlados.

La creencia en los fantasmas es parte de una red mas grande de creencias paranormales relacionadas, incluida la experiencia cercana a la muerte, la vida después de la muerte y la comunicación espiritual. Esos criterios vagos para los acontecimientos fantasmales son parte de la razón por la cual los mitos sobre la vida después son más vivos que nunca. Una dificultad para evaluar científicamente a los fantasmas es que una variedad sorprendentemente amplia de fenómenos se atribuye a los fantasmas, de una puerta que se cierra por su cuenta, a las llaves faltantes, a un área fría en un pasillo, a una visión de un pariente muerto.

Una científico utiliza equipos científicos de alta tecnología, como ruido de sonido blanco o wavey, medidor de EMF con sonido (registrador de datos y gráficos, visualización del sensor de vibración, fecha, hora, GPS, temperatura, humedad, altitud, presión barométrica, eCO2, tVOC, sensor de gas, tarjeta MicroSD, IMU, etc …), grabadora EVP con USB y audición en vivo, visión nocturna de cámaras de video y espectro completo, luz de doble ir y espectro completo, termómetro de FLIR térmico, termómetro de rango, contadores de Geiger, detectores de iones, sensibles micrófonos, etc …

La mayoría de las personas que creen en los fantasmas lo hacen debido a una experiencia personal, crecieron en un hogar donde se dio por sentado la existencia de espíritus. Si la energía no puede ser creada o destruida, pero solo cambia de forma, ¿qué sucede con la energía de nuestro cuerpo cuando morimos? ¿Podría eso de alguna manera ser manifestado como un fantasma? La mayoría de las personas que creen en los fantasmas lo hacen debido a una experiencia personal. Si la energía no puede ser creada o destruida, pero solo cambia de forma, ¿qué sucede con la energía de nuestro cuerpo cuando morimos? ¿Podría eso de alguna manera ser manifestado como un fantasma? La energía se libera en forma de calor, y el cuerpo se transfiere a los animales que nos comen, y las plantas que nos absorben. No hay “energía” corporal que sobreviva a la muerte.

Una figura sombría se precipitó por la puerta. Pero todavía recuerda la experiencia vívidamente. Él investigó lo que le estaba pasando. Y supo que la ciencia tuvo un nombre para la parálisis del sueño. Esta condición deja que alguien se sienta despierto pero paralizado, o congelado en su lugar. Él no puede moverse ni hablar o respirar profundamente. También puede ver, escuchar o sentir figuras o criaturas que realmente no están allí. Esto se llama una alucinación. La parálisis del sueño ocurre cuando el cerebro se limita al proceso de quedarse dormido o despertarse. Por lo general, solo empiezas a soñar después de estar completamente dormido. Y dejas de soñar antes de despertarte. Piensa que casi todos tienen tales experiencias. La mayoría de nosotros simplemente las ignoramos. Pero algunos pueden recurrir a los fantasmas como la explicación.

Cuando las personas detienen a los fantasmas, a menudo son solos, en la oscuridad y asustados. Si está oscuro, su cerebro no puede obtener mucha información visual del mundo. Tiene que crear más de su realidad para él. Algunas personas tienen más probabilidades de ser absorbidas que otras. Y estas personas también reportan niveles más altos de creencias paranormales en fantasmas. Investigaciones recientes han indicado que los avistamientos de fantasmas pueden estar relacionados con enfermedades cerebrales degenerativas, como la enfermedad de Alzheimer. Los medicamentos recetados comunes y los medicamentos de venta libre también pueden, en casos raros, causar alucinaciones similares a fantasmas, particularmente zolpidem y difenhidramina. Los informes más antiguos vinculaban el envenenamiento de monóxido de carbono a las alucinaciones similares a los fantasmas.

En muchas culturas, los fantasmas malignos e inquietos se distinguen de los espíritus más benignos involucrados en la adoración de los antepasados. La adoración de los antepasados normalmente involucra a los ritos destinados a prevenir los demonios, los espíritus vengativos de los muertos, imaginados como hambrientos y envidiosos de los vivos. Las estrategias para prevenir los demonios pueden incluir un sacrificio en el que se le da a los muertos alimentos y bebidas para pacificarlos, o destierros mágicos del difunto que los obliguen a no regresar.

Un lugar donde se reportan fantasmas se describe como encantado, y a menudo se considera que está habitado por los espíritus del difunto que pueden haber sido antiguos residentes o estaban familiarizados con la propiedad. Se dice que la actividad sobrenatural dentro de los hogares se asocia principalmente con eventos violentos o trágicos en el pasado de la construcción, como asesinato, muerte accidental o suicidio, a veces en el pasado reciente o antiguo. Muchas culturas y religiones creen que la esencia de un ser, como el alma, sigue existiendo. Algunas opiniones religiosas argumentan que los espíritus de los que han muerto no han pasado y están atrapados dentro de la propiedad donde sus recuerdos y energía son fuertes.

Miedo a los Fantasmas

El miedo a los fantasmas en muchas culturas humanas se basa en las creencias de que algunos fantasmas pueden ser malévolos y peligrosos hacia personas. Está relacionado con el miedo a la oscuridad. A menudo se produce por experiencias en la primera infancia y causa que los pacientes experimenten ataques de pánico. El miedo a los fantasmas está muy extendido incluso en las sociedades post-industriales. Soy perfectamente consciente de que el miedo a los fantasmas son contrarios a la ciencia, la razón y la religión. Si fuera sentenciado a pasar una noche solo en un cementerio, ya debería saber que las ramitas se romperían y el viento gemiría y que habría movimientos a medias en la oscuridad. Y, sin embargo, después de haber sido rana, marchó hacia el cementerio, debería sentir una emoción de miedo cada vez que sucedió una de estas cosas.

En muchas cuentas tradicionales, a menudo se cree que los fantasmas o personas que han fallecido buscan venganza, o han sido encarceladas en la tierra por cosas malas que hicieron durante la vida. La aparición de un fantasma a menudo se ha considerado como un presagio o un portento de muerte. Ver el propio doble fantasmal es un presagio relacionado a la muerte.

¿Reportar un fantasma? ¿Tener algunas imágenes de fantasma una cámara integrada de células o una cámara de película o una cámara de video? ¿Tienes una foto de un fantasma? The Sassquatch’s Lair, www.sassquatch.org, paranormal, nombre, correo electrónico, comentario o mensaje, envía …

Dr. Scientist

Owain ap Gruffydd

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#LudgerBedardConsultingPrivateDetective #LudgerBedard #AnneMarieBedard #NicolasFlamel #Detective #Adventurer #Occult #Paranormal #Magic #Alchemy #3DAnimation

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Owain ap Gruffydd

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Owain ap Gruffydd

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Owain ap Gruffydd

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A home laboratory in Nicolas and Ludger a two goals of alchemy: that they made the Philosopher’s Stone, which turns base metals into gold, and that he achieved immortality through the “Elixir of Life”. Ludger a laboratory technician who works in a laboratory performing procedures, maintaining equipment, assisting lead Nicolas with their work. Flamel and Ludger in 1418 created the Elixir of Life that achieved immortality.

Owain ap Gruffydd

Nicolas Flamel a true friend Owain ap Gruffydd up for him. When others try to hurt him emotionally or physically, they do everything they could to make sure he stayed safe. Owain ap Gruffydd, was a Welsh leader who instigated a fierce and long-running war of independence with the aim of ending English rule in Wales during the Late Middle Ages.

Despite the initial success of the revolution, in 1407 the superior numbers, resources and wealth that England had at its disposal eventually began to turn the tide of the war, and the much larger and better equipped English forces began to overwhelm the Welsh and eventually by 1409 they had reconquered most of Wales. Owain ap Gruffydd fought on until he was cornered and under siege at Kidwelly Castle, however he managed to escape capture by disguising himself as an elderly man, sneaking out of the castle and slipping past the English military blockade in the darkness of the night.

Owain retreated to the Welsh wilderness with a band of loyal supporters, he refused to surrender and continued the war with guerilla tactics such as launching sporadic raids and ambushes throughout Wales and the English borderlands. The last documented sighting of him was in 1412 when he ambushed the Kings men in Brecon and captured and ransomed a leading supporter of King Henry’s. He twice ignored offers of a pardon from the new King Henry V of England, and despite the large rewards offered for his capture, Owain ap Gruffydd was never betrayed to the English. The last native Welsh person to hold the title Prince of Wales. Although initially successful, the uprising was eventually defeated, but Owain disappeared and no one knows what became of him after that.

Cae’rarfau Chambered Cave

The monument comprises the remains of a chambered cave, dating to the Neolithic period. Chambered tombs were built and used by communities over long periods of time. Owain ap Gruffydd travels to a wooded valley, and there on a mound, wielding a large knightly sword he finds the keeper. In some retellings the keeper is as an ogre. The keeper is surrounded by wild animals, some magical power. The keeper ridicules Owain, but after enduring his torments, he directs the knight to travel a path out of the woods where he must climb a hill. Over the hill Owain is told he will come to a broad valley where he will find a great tree. Under the tree is a fountain and near the fountain is a marble slab to which by a chain a silver bowl is fastened. Owain is instructed to fill the bowl with water from the fountain and then wet the slab to summon a black knight upon a black steed.

Owain follows the keeper’s directions, and after wetting the marble slab, there is a peal of thunder followed by a terrible hailstorm which nearly kills both Owain and his horse. The weather then clears and birds land on the tree and sing to the knight. Owain is then approached by a figure, who accuses the knight of killing the people and animals of the land who were unable to find shelter in the supernatural hailstorm. Finally the black knight appears and attacks, beating Owain ap Gruffydd with ease, taking his horse and driving him away from the well. Owain walks back to the forest where the keeper awaits, mocking and shaming the defeated knight further. Owain ap Gruffydd returns to the Cae’rarfau Chambered Cave supplying him with a new horse for his journey home.

Paris to Cardiff

It was common to travel in heavily loaded: goods, food feed, books, laboratory, glass jars, weapons, tools, tents, clothing, money, documents, etc… Travelling was expensive: suitable and elegant clothing, tolls, tips, lodging, food, veterinaries, etc… To travel, wine was a more recommendable drink than some unsafe water. Nicolas, Perenelle, Anne-Marie and Ludger a July 1418 and Paris to Cardiff. Paris at 4 horses and 20 packhorses were used a great deal to carry sacks or baskets filled with goods, slung on either side of the horses to 7 days Saint-Malo.

Viking longships were a type of specialized used by the Viking for commerce and exploration. The ship was built with 60 pairs of oars, for a crew of 120 rowers, a rectangular sail, on a single mast and additional crew members, Nicolas, Perenelle, Anne-Marie and Ludger. Sailing used to take place when the sea was the calmest. The driving forces of the ships were rowing and sail this combined with the use of oars. At 10 days trip from Saint-Malo to Cardiff.

Cardiff from Owain ap Gruffydd to Nicolas, Perenelle, Anne-Marie and Ludger to the Cae’rarfau Chambered Cave.

Nicolas Flamel

OVNI – Objeto Volador No Identificado

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#Paranormal #DrScientist #PercepciónExtrasensorial #Espiritualismo #Criptozaología #Telekinesis #Poltergeists #Fantasmas #OVNI #Extraterrestre

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OVNI - Objeto Volador No Identificado

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OVNI - Objeto Volador No Identificado

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OVNI - Objeto Volador No Identificado

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OVNI - Objeto Volador No Identificado

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OVNI – Objeto Volador No Identificado

Un OVNI (Objeto Volador No Identificado) es cualquier fenómeno aéreo que no se pueda identificar o explicar de inmediato. La mayoría de los OVNIs son identificados o investigados como objetos o fenómenos convencionales. El término se usa ampliamente para observaciones reclamadas de espacial-aeronave extraterrestre. Muchos ovnis se describen como platillos voladores. Los estudios e investigaciones han sido realizados por varios gobiernos de todo el mundo, junto con individuos y organizaciones privadas.

Un platillo volador es un término descriptivo para un tipo de embarcaciones de vuelo que tiene un cuerpo o un cuerpo en forma de platillo, comúnmente usado genéricamente para referirse a un OVNI. Los primeros avistamientos reportados de “platillos voladores” desconocidos generalmente los describen como plata o metálica, a veces informados como cubiertos con luces de navegación o rodeadas de una luz brillante, flotando o moviéndose rápidamente, ya sea solos o en formaciones estrechas con otras embarcaciones similares, y exhibiendo altos maniobrabilidad.

Mientras que los objetos voladores en forma de disco se han interpretado como grabado esporádicamente desde la Edad Media, el primer uso registrado del término “platillo volador” que se parece a una forma clásica de OVNI. El avistamiento de los OVNI fue seguido por miles de avistamientos similares en todo el mundo. Dichos avistamientos fueron una vez muy comunes, hasta tal punto que “Flying Saucer” era un sinónimo de OVNI durante la década de 1960 antes de que comenzara a abandonar el favor. Se informaron muchos avistamientos de OVNI en forma de cigarro o dirigible a la siguiente. Más recientemente, el platillo volador ha sido suplantado en gran medida por otros supuestos vehículos relacionados con la OVNI, como el triángulo negro.

Las observaciones de los fenómenos aéreos se han descrito a lo largo de la historia y continúan siendo objeto de interés por skywatchers. Algunos de estos fenómenos incluyen cometas, meteoros brillantes, uno o más de los cinco planetas que se pueden ver fácilmente con el ojo desnudo, las conjunciones planearias o los fenómenos ópticos atmosféricos, como el parhelia y las nubes lenticulares. Algunos OVNIs recomiendan que las observaciones sean clasificadas de acuerdo con las características del fenómeno u objeto que se informen o registren. Las categorías típicas incluyen:

  • Platillo, top de juguete o “artesanía” en forma de disco sin propulsión visible o audible.
  • Grande “artesanía” triangular o patrón de luz triangular, generalmente reportado por la noche.
  • Cigarro en forma de “artesanía” con ventanas iluminadas (las bolas de fuego de meteoros a veces se reportan de esta manera, pero son fenómenos muy diferentes).
  • Otros: los triángulos de chevrons, (equilátero), la media luna, los boomerangs, las esferas (generalmente se informan que están brillando, brillando por la noche), las cúpulas, los diamantes, las masas negras sin forma, los huevos, las pirámides y los cilindros, las luces clásicas “.

¿Reportar un OVNI? ¿Tienes algunas imágenes de OVNI una cámara de película o una cámara de video? ¿Tener un poco de OVNI una foto? The Sassquatch’s Lair, www.sassquatch.org, paranormal, nombre, correo electrónico, comentario o mensaje, envía …

Dr. Scientist

UFO – Unidentified Flying Object

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#Paranormal #DrScientist #ExtrasensoryPerception #Spiritualism #Cryptozoology #Telekinesis #Poltergeists #Ghost #UFO #Alien

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UFO - Unidentified Flying Object

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UFO - Unidentified Flying Object

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UFO - Unidentified Flying Object

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UFO - Unidentified Flying Object

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UFO – Unidentified Flying Object

An UFO (Unidentified Flying Object) is any aerial phenomenon that cannot immediately be identified or explained. Most UFOs are identified or investigated as conventional objects or phenomena. The term is widely used for claimed observations of extraterrestrial spacecraft-aircraft. Many UFOs are described as being flying saucers. Studies and investigations have been conducted by various governments worldwide, along with private individuals and organizations.

A flying saucer is a descriptive term for a type of flying craft having a disc or saucer-shaped body, commonly used generically to refer to an UFO. Early reported sightings of unknown “flying saucers” usually described them as silver or metallic, sometimes reported as covered with navigation lights or surrounded with a glowing light, hovering or moving rapidly, either alone or in tight formations with other similar craft, and exhibiting high maneuverability.

While disc-shaped flying objects have been interpreted as being sporadically recorded since the Middle Ages, the first recorded use of the term “flying saucer” which resembles a classic UFO shape. UFOs sighting was followed by thousands of similar sightings across the world. Such sightings were once very common, to such an extent that “flying saucer” was a synonym for UFO through the 1960s before it began to fall out of favor. Many sightings of cigar or dirigible-shaped UFOs were reported following it. More recently, the flying saucer has been largely supplanted by other alleged UFO-related vehicles, such as the black triangle.

Observations of aerial phenomena have been described throughout history and continue to be the subject of interest by skywatchers. Some of these phenomena include comets, bright meteors, one or more of the five planets that can be readily seen with the naked eye, planetary conjunctions, or atmospheric optical phenomena such as parhelia and lenticular clouds. Some UFOs recommend that observations be classified according to the features of the phenomenon or object that are reported or recorded. Typical categories include:

  • Saucer, toy-top, or disk-shaped “craft” without visible or audible propulsion.
  • Large triangular “craft” or triangular light pattern, usually reported at night.
  • Cigar-shaped “craft” with lighted windows (meteor fireballs are sometimes reported this way, but are very different phenomena).
  • Other: chevrons, (equilateral) triangles, crescent, boomerangs, spheres (usually reported to be shining, glowing at night), domes, diamonds, shapeless black masses, eggs, pyramids and cylinders, classic “lights”.

Report a UFO? Have some UFO footage a movie camera or a video camera? Have some UFO a picture? The Sassquatch’s Lair, www.sassquatch.org, Paranormal, Name, Email, Comment or Message, Submit…

Dr. Scientist

Medieval University

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#LudgerBedardConsultingPrivateDetective #LudgerBedard #AnneMarieBedard #NicolasFlamel #MedievalUniversity #Detective #Adventurer #Occult #Paranormal #Magic #Alchemy #3DAnimation

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Medieval University of Paris
Medieval University

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Meeting of Doctors at the University of Paris
Medieval University

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Descent of the Holy Ghost Upon the Faithful
Medieval University

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Anne-Marie is Ludger a polymath in knowledge covers a substantial number of subjects, known to take advantage of complex knowledge bodies to solve specific problems. Anne-Marie and Flamel is Ludger student attended the medieval university at different ages 8 if they were attending University of Paris. University Ludger studie took 3 years for a Master of Arts degree. Once a Master of Arts degree had been conferred, the Ludger student could leave the university or pursue further studies in one of the higher faculties medicine, the last one being the most prestigious Doctorate Degree.

Medieval University

A medieval university was a corporation organized during the Middle Ages for the purposes of higher education. The first Western European institutions generally considered to be universities were established in the Kingdom of Italy, the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of France, the Kingdom of Spain, and the Kingdom of Portugal between the 11th and 15th centuries for the study of the arts and the higher disciplines of theology, law, and medicine. During the 14th century there was an increase in growth of universities and colleges around Europe.

The word universitas originally applied only to the scholastic guilds—that is, the corporation of students and masters—within the studium, and it was always modified, as universitas magistrorum, universitas scholarium, or universitas magistrorum et scholarium. Eventually, probably in the late 14th century, the term began to appear by itself to exclusively mean a self-regulating community of teachers and scholars recognized and sanctioned by civil or ecclesiastical authority.

Establishment

Among the earliest universities of this type were the University of Bologna (1088), University of Paris (1150), University of Oxford (1167), University of Modena (1175), University of Palencia (1208), University of Cambridge (1209), University of Salamanca (1218), University of Montpellier (1220), University of Padua (1222), University of Toulouse (1229), University of Orleans (1235), University of Siena (1240), University of Valladolid (1241) University of Northampton (1261), University of Coimbra (1288), University of Pisa (1343), Charles University in Prague (1348), Jagiellonian University (1364), University of Vienna (1365), Heidelberg University (1386) and the University of St Andrews (1413) begun as private corporations of teachers and their pupils.

Course of Study

University studies took six years for a Master of Arts degree. Studies for this were organized by the faculty of arts, where the seven liberal arts were taught: arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, music theory, grammar, logic, and rhetoric. All instruction was given in Latin and students were expected to converse in that language. The trivium comprised the three subjects that were taught first: grammar, logic, and rhetoric. The quadrivium consisted of arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy. The quadrivium was taught after the preparatory work of the trivium and would lead to the degree of Master of Arts. The curriculum came also to include the three Aristotelian philosophies: physics, metaphysics and moral philosophy.

Trivium

The trivium is the lower division of the seven liberal arts and comprises grammar, logic, and rhetoric. Grammar, logic, and rhetoric were essential to a classical education, as explained in Plato’s dialogues. The three subjects together were denoted by the word trivium during the Middle Ages, but the tradition of first learning those three subjects was established in ancient Greece.

Quadrivium

The quadrivium followed the preparatory work of the trivium, consisting of grammar, logic, and rhetoric. In turn, the quadrivium was considered the foundation for the study of philosophy and theology. The quadrivium was the upper division of the medieval education in the liberal arts, which comprised arithmetic (number in the abstract), geometry (number in space), music (number in time), and astronomy (number in space and time). Educationally, the trivium and the quadrivium imparted to the student the seven liberal arts (essential thinking skills) of classical antiquity.

Anne-Marie Bedard

Nicolas Flamel (1330 – Now)

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#LudgerBedardConsultingPrivateDetective #LudgerBedard #AnneMarieBedard #NicolasFlamel #Detective #Adventurer #Occult #Paranormal #Magic #Alchemy #3DAnimation

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Nicolas Flamel

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Nicolas Flamel

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Nicolas Flamel

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Anne-Marie and child Ludger Bedard here is Paris. She is generally considered one of the first truly professional master chefs. From 1402 – 1407 she was in service to Charles VI. From 1407 she was in service to Nicolas Flamel.

Nicolas Flamel

Nicolas Flamel was a French scribe and manuscript-seller. In his youth in the Pyrenees Mountains of France, and it was there that he met Perenelle, his future wife. Flamel became a noted alchemist of considerable talent. At some point, he created the Philosopher’s Stone, an item of immense magical power. With the Stone, he created the Elixir of Life, a potion that made the drinker functionally immortal as long as it was regularly ingested. He and Perenelle regularly used the potion after that time.

Flamel spent 21 years trying to decipher it all. When Paris couldn’t provide answers, he set off to Spain to find a Jewish scholar and came across Maestro Canches, a learned Jewish man living in Leon. Canches recognised Abraham the Jew as one of the earliest masters of the Jewish mystical tradition of Kabbalah and translated the few pages Flamel had with him before agreeing to travel back to France and translate the rest. Unfortunately, he fell ill on the journey and died before they reached Paris.

He ran two shops as a scribe and married Perenelle in 1368. She brought the wealth of two previous husbands to the marriage. The French Catholic couple owned several properties and contributed financially to churches, sometimes by commissioning sculptures. Later in life, they were noted for their wealth and philanthropy.

Perenelle Flamel (1320 – Now)

Perenelle Flamel was the wife of the famous 14th-century scribe Nicolas Flamel. Perenelle’s reputation as an alchemist stems from a book written in 1612, allegedly authored by her husband. However, Nicolas’ reputation as an author and immortal alchemical. Perenelle figures prominently in the introduction of this Booke of Hieroglyphicall Figures, where the character of Nicolas outlines his quest for the philosopher’s stone. In this story, Perenelle witnesses alchemical projections and aids in chrysopoeia.

House in Paris

One of Flamel’s houses still stands in Paris, at 51 rue de Montmorency. It is the oldest stone house in the city. There is an old inscription on the wall, which states, “We, plowmen and women living at the porch of this house, built in 1407, are requested to say every day an ‘Our Father’ and an ‘Ave Maria’ praying God that His grace forgive poor and dead sinners.”

Philosopher’s Stone

The philosopher’s stone, more properly philosophers’ stone or stone of the philosophers, is a mythical alchemical substance capable of turning base metals such as mercury into gold or silver. It is also called the elixir of life, useful for rejuvenation and for achieving immortality; for many centuries, it was the most sought goal in alchemy. The philosophers’ stone was the central symbol of the mystical terminology of alchemy, symbolizing perfection at its finest, enlightenment, and heavenly bliss.

Anne-Marie Bedard

Paranormal

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#Paranormal #DrScientist #PercepciónExtrasensorial #Espiritualismo #Criptozaología #Telekinesis #Poltergeists #Fantasmas #OVNI #Extraterrestre

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Científico

Un científico es una persona que lleva a cabo investigaciones científicas para avanzar en un área de interés. En los tiempos modernos, muchos científicos profesionales están capacitados en universidades académicas, principalmente a nivel de escuelas de posgrado. Al finalizar, normalmente alcanzarían un grado académico, con el mayor grado de un doctorado. Los científicos incluyen experimentos que realizan principalmente experimentos para probar las hipótesis.

Un experimento es un procedimiento realizado para apoyar o refutar una hipótesis. Los experimentos proporcionan información sobre la causa y el efecto demostrando qué ocurre el resultado cuando se manipula un factor particular. Los experimentos varían mucho en la meta y la escala, pero siempre confían en el procedimiento repetible y el análisis lógico de los resultados.

Luego se probó la hipótesis utilizando el principio de falsificación para probar o refutar su precisión. Las ciencias naturales continuaron siendo llamadas filosofía natural, pero la adopción del método científico tomó la ciencia más allá del ámbito de la conjetura filosófica e introdujo una forma más estructurada de examinar la naturaleza.

Paranormal

Los eventos paranormales son fenómenos supuestos descritos en la cultura popular, la gente y otros organismos científicos del conocimiento, cuya existencia dentro de estos contextos se describe más allá del alcance de la comprensión científica normal. Las creencias paranormales notables incluyen aquellas que pertenecen a la percepción extrasensorial, el espiritualismo, la caza de fantasmas, la criptozaología y la ufología. Por lo tanto, los fenómenos paranormales incluyen la percepción extrasensorial (ESP), la telekinesis, los fantasmas, los poltergeists, la vida después de la muerte, la reencarnación, la curación de la fe, las auras humanas, etc.

Dr. Scientist / Paranormal

Los científicos aceptan una serie de principios básicos como estándares para determinar si un organismo de conocimiento, método o práctica es científico. Los resultados experimentales deben ser reproducibles y verificados por otros investigadores. Las declaraciones, las hipótesis o las teorías tienen refutabilidad si existe la posibilidad inherente de que puedan ser probados falsos. Es decir, si es posible concebir una observación o un argumento que los niegue.

Dr. Scientist

Paranormal

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#Paranormal #DrScientist #ExtrasensoryPerception #Spiritualism #Cryptozoology #Telekinesis #Poltergeists #Ghost #UFO #Alien

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Scientist

A scientist is a person who conducts scientific research to advance knowledge in an area of interest. In modern times, many professional scientists are trained in an academic universities, mostly at the level of graduate schools. Upon completion, they would normally attain an academic degree, with the highest degree being a doctorate. Scientists include experimentalists who mainly perform experiments to test hypotheses.

An experiment is a procedure carried out to support or refute a hypothesis. Experiments provide insight into cause-and-effect by demonstrating what outcome occurs when a particular factor is manipulated. Experiments vary greatly in goal and scale, but always rely on repeatable procedure and logical analysis of the results.

The hypothesis was then tested using the principle of falsifiability to prove or disprove its accuracy. The natural sciences continued to be called natural philosophy, but the adoption of the scientific method took science beyond the realm of philosophical conjecture and introduced a more structured way of examining nature.

Paranormal

Paranormal events are purported phenomena described in popular culture, folk, and other scientific bodies of knowledge, whose existence within these contexts is described as beyond the scope of normal scientific understanding. Notable paranormal beliefs include those that pertain to extrasensory perception, spiritualism, the ghost hunting, cryptozoology, and ufology. Thus, paranormal phenomena include extrasensory perception (ESP), telekinesis, ghosts, poltergeists, life after death, reincarnation, faith healing, human auras, and so forth.

Dr. Scientist / Paranormal

A number of basic principles are accepted by scientists as standards for determining whether a body of knowledge, method, or practice is scientific. Experimental results should be reproducible and verified by other researchers. Statements, hypotheses, or theories have refutability if there is the inherent possibility that they can be proven false. That is, if it is possible to conceive of an observation or an argument which negates them.

Dr. Scientist

Anne-Marie Bedard (1357 – Now)

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#LudgerBedardConsultingPrivateDetective #LudgerBedard #AnneMarieBedard #Detective #Adventurer #Occult #Paranormal #Magic #Alchemy #3DAnimation

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Abraham Bedard

Anne-Marie Bedard

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Guillemette Le Clerc

Anne-Marie Bedard

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Anne-Marie Bedard

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Anne-Marie Bedard as born in 1357 in Beaune, Burgundy, France. The daughter of Abraham Bedard and Guillemette Le Clerc, she was the thirteen of their thirteen children. Father Abraham Bedard is French soldiers. Guillemette Le Clerc changing views of medicine caused the women’s role as midwife to be pushed aside as the professionalization of medical practitioners began to go up.

Monks and monasteries of the Roman Catholic Church have had an important influence on the history of Burgundy wine. While single women both lived without a spouse at some point in their lives, their lifestyles were very different and widows were often awarded more freedoms and opportunities. If a woman living did not marry in her teens, she was often expected to join a nunnery.

Le Tart Abbey, was the nunnery of the Cistercian. It was located of Tart-l’Abbaye in Burgundy the Cistercian mother house. Thanks to its support from the upper echelons of society, if not to more popular appeal, the abbey received sufficient endowments to ensure its financial stability through the difficult times to come. Its lands included several vineyards, and the sale of wine was a significant element in the abbey’s economy: five hectares of the Vignoble de Bourgogne, others located at Beaune, Chambolle-Musigny, Morey-Saint-Denis, Chézeaux and Vosne-Romanée.

Abbesses Cistercian are major superiors according to canon law, the equivalents of abbots or bishops. They receive the vows of the nuns of the abbey; they may admit candidates to their order’s novitiate; they may send them to study; and they may send them to do pastoral or missionary, or to work or assist—to the extent allowed by canon and civil law—in the administration and ministry of a parish or diocese. They have full authority in its administration. They may not administer the sacraments, whose celebration is reserved to bishops, priests, namely, those in Holy Orders.

Abbesses Cistercian, Anne-Marie Bedard apprenticeships within these trades were difficult to acquire and were not given formal representation in official records. If a woman was lucky enough to acquire such an opportunity to advance professionally within the trade. The economic difficulties that guilds imposed on unmarried women led many to enter the retail industry.

Anne-Marie Bedard is an important figure in the early history of French cuisine. She was cook to the Nicolas Rolin. His first position was enfant de cuisine to Abbesses Cistercian. From 1372 she was queux, head chef. In 1382 she became squire to the Nicolas Rolin. He is generally considered one of the first truly “professional” master chefs.

She expanded a collection of recipes as Anne-Marie Bedard, a famous book on cookery and cookery technique, thought to be one of the first professional treatises written in France and upon which the French gastronomic tradition was founded. It had an inestimable influence on subsequent books on French cuisine and is important to food historians as a detailed source on the medieval cuisine of northern France.

Anne-Marie Bedard